11 Wget Command Examples in Linux (Linux File Downloader)

11 Wget Command Examples in Linux
11 Wget Command Examples in Linux

11 Wget Command Examples in Linux

Wget is a command line utility used for downloading files in Linux. Wget is a freely available utility and licensed under GNU GPL License. By using wget utility you can download files with FPT, HTTP, HTTPS protocols. Wget command is also used to download the whole website using mirror feature. You can also use this command in a cron job to download files. In this tutorial, you are going to learn 11 wget command examples in Linux.

Install Wget Utility

In today’s Linux distros wget command is preinstalled. So to check whether this command is installed not run below command.

wget

If it wget is installed you will get the following output:

wget: missing URL
Usage: wget [OPTION]... [URL]...

Try `wget --help' for more options.

If you don’t get above output, you can install wget command using the following commands.

Install wget command in Debian or Ubuntu

Run below command to install wget command in Ubuntu or any Debian based distro.

sudo apt install wget

Install wget command in CentOS or Fedora

Run below command to install wget command in CentOS or Fedora.

sudo yum install wget

Basic Syntax for Wget

Following is the basic syntax for wget command:

wget [OPTIONS] [URL]

Where,
OPTIONS – The different options for wget are here.
URL – The URL of the file to download.

Wget Command Examples

1. How to Download a File using wget

To download a single file you can use wget command without any option providing only the URL of the file.

In below example it will download the Ubuntu ISO file using wget command:

wget http://ubuntu.biz.net.id/18.04.2/ubuntu-18.04.2-desktop-amd64.iso

2. Download and Save the file with a different name.

If you want to download the file and save with another name then you can provide the name of the file with the option -O (uppercase).

The following command will download the file and will save the file with a name ubuntu1804.iso which provided with the option -O.

wget -O ubuntu1804.iso http://ubuntu.biz.net.id/18.04.2/ubuntu-18.04.2-desktop-amd64.iso

3. Download multiple files using wget command

To download multiple files you can specify multiple url’s of files. Wget will download files one by one.

In the following example wget command will download multiple files:

wget http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/wget/wget-1.5.3.tar.gz http://ubuntu.biz.net.id/18.04.2/ubuntu-18.04.2-desktop-amd64.iso

4. Download a File to a Specific Directory using the wget command

To save downloaded file in a specific directory you can use -P option. Just provide the directory name with -P option.

The following command will download the Ubuntu ISO file inside the /tmp/iso directory.

wget -P /tmp/iso http://ubuntu.biz.net.id/18.04.2/ubuntu-18.04.2-desktop-amd64.iso

5. Download file with FTP protocol using Wget command

To download the password protected file with FTP protocol you should provide FTP USERNAME and FTP PASSWORD using options --ftp-user and --ftp-password.

Following is an example for downloading FTP file with wget command:

wget --ftp-user=FTP_USERNAME --ftp-password=FTP_PASSWORD ftp://ftp.example.com/testfile.txt

6. Download multiple files by reading URL’s from TEXT file using Wget command

You can download multiple files using wget command by storing multiple urls in a text file. Here you should use -i option and URL’s inside file must be separated by newline means each URL should be on a newline.

Below is an example for downloading multiple files by reading TEXT file using wget command:

wget -i linux-apps.txt

The example file ubuntu-apps:

https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb?src=0&filename=google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb
https://download3.operacdn.com/pub/opera/desktop/58.0.3135.68/linux/opera-stable_58.0.3135.68_amd64.deb

7. Resume uncompleted downloads using wget command.

To resume the uncompleted downloads you can use -c option with wget command. It will start downloading the file from the point where it was stopped.

Below is an example to resume the uncompleted download.

wget -c http://ubuntu.biz.net.id/18.04.2/ubuntu-18.04.2-desktop-amd64.iso

8. Download file in the background using Wget command

By using the -b option you start downloading in the background. You can see related logs inside the file /wget/log.txt:

wget -b http://ubuntu.biz.net.id/18.04.2/ubuntu-18.04.2-desktop-amd64.iso

To check the status of download you can use the following command:

tail -f wget-log

9. Limit speed when downloading file using Wget command

When downloading the file if in case you want to restrict the speed limit then you can do so by using option --limit-rate with wget command.

wget --limit-rate=500k http://ubuntu.biz.net.id/18.04.2/ubuntu-18.04.2-desktop-amd64.iso

10. Create Mirror of Website using Wget command

You can create a mirror of the website using wget command with -m option. It will follow all the internal links and download files including JavaScript, CSS, Image files.

Following is an example to create a mirror of the website:

wget -m https://example.com

To browse downloaded files locally you should use some more options:

wget -m -k -p https://example.com

11. Change User Agent of Wget

Sometimes download is blocked if you are using wget agent. So to customize the user agent name you can use --user-agent option:

wget --user-agent="Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:60.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/60.0" http://wget-forbidden.com/

Conclusion

You have successfully learned 11 Wget command examples in Linux. If you have any queries please don’t forget to comment below.

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