Install Node.js with npm on Debian 9
Where npm stands for Node Package Manager which is the default package manager for Node.js. npm is the worlds largest software registry for Node.js packages with thousands of packages available.
In this tutorial we will install Node.js in following two ways:
- Install Node.js and npm using Ubuntu repository
- Install Node.js and npm using nvm
- Install Node.js from NodeSource repository.
1. Install Node.js and npm using Ubuntu repository
First, Update Ubuntu apt package manager index by running following command.
sudo apt update
Install Node.js from Ubuntu global repository by typing
sudo apt install node
Confirm the installation of Node.js by typing
Install npm by running following command
sudo apt install npm
Confirm the installation of npm by typing
2. Install Node.js and npm using nvm
NVM stands for Node Version Manager which is used to manage multiple Node.js versions. If you want to install or uninstall different versions of Node.js then NVM is there for you.
First, we will install NVM (Node Package Manager) on your system. So download NVM installation script running the following command.
curl -o- https://raw.githubusercontent.com/creationix/nvm/v0.33.11/install.sh | bash
Check nvm version and confirm installation typing
Now install Node.js by using the following command.
nvm install node
Verify Node.js installation by typing
The output should be:
You can install multiple versions of Node.js. To do so type following:
nvm install 8.14
nvm install --lts
nvm install 11.3
To list all the versions installed run following command.
You can change the current default version of Node.js by using the following command.
nvm use 8.14
To uninstall a Node.js version type following command
nvm uninstall 11.14
Install Node.js from NodeSource Repository
NodeSource company provides enterprise grade node support also maintains repository containing latest version of Node.js.
To enable NodeSource repository on your system run following command.
curl -sL https://deb.nodesource.com/setup_10.x | sudo bash -
NOTE : The latest LTS version of Node.js is 10.x if you want to install 8.x version then just replace
Now install Node.js and npm package typing.
sudo apt install nodejs
Verify installtion of Node.js and npm running following command
Install Development Tools
Now install some packages needed for development by running following command
sudo apt install gcc g++ make
Uninstall Node.js and npm
Uninstall Node.js use following command
sudo apt remove nodejs npm
sudo apt autoremove
To uninstall node.js version using nvm type following command
nvm uninstall 10.14
You have successfully learned how to install Node.js with npm on Debian 9. If you have any queries don’t forget to comment below.