Install Python on Ubuntu 18.04

Ubuntu 18.04 comes with python 3 installation out of the box as default interpreter. In the minimal installation of Ubuntu this does not come pre-installed so now we are going to install Python on Ubuntu 18.04.

Prerequisites

Before you start installing Python on Ubuntu 18.04. You must have nonroot user account on your server with sudo privileges.

Before You Begin

Before we begin please check whether Python is installed or not on your system by typing

python --version

If the output shows Python version then you already have Python installed or if it outputs command not found then Python is not installed. However, you can also upgrade or downgrade version of Python.

Install Python 3 on Ubuntu

Update package manager index by typing following command

sudo apt update

The following command will provide minimal installation of Python. now to install Python 3 enter following command

sudo apt install python3-minimal

Confirm the installation and check the version of Python by entering the following command.

python3 -V

The output should be:

Output
    Python 3.6.6

Install Python 2 On Ubuntu

Before you install Python on ubuntu 18.04, update package manager index by typing following command.

sudo apt update

Following command will provide minimal installation of Python. now to install Python 2 enter following command.

sudo apt install pytho3-minimal

Confirm installation and check version of Python by entering follwing command.

python --version

Output should be:

Output:
    Python 2.7.15rc1

Install Python Modules

Ubutnu repository already have a lot of Python modules. To Search Python modules enter following command

sudo apt search MODULE_NAME

To install searched Python module enter following command

sudo apt install MODULE_NAME

Best way to install and manage python packages

PIP stands for Python Package Index which most popular tool for installation and management of Python packages. You cand check more information about this tool on following link : How to install PIP on Ubuntu 18.04

Conclusion

Here we have learnt how to install Python on Ubuntu 18.04. If You have any queries regarding this then please comment below.

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