Linux useradd Command with Examples

Linux useradd Command with Examples
Linux useradd Command with Examples

Linux useradd Command with Examples

The useradd is a low-level utility used to manage users on the Linux system. By using useradd utility you create new users and assign them to the groups. As Linux is a multiuser system it’s important for the administrator to manage tasks like adding user, removing user, assigning a user to the group, etc. In this tutorial, we are going to learn Linux useradd command with examples.

Basic Syntax of useradd Command

When creating a new user with given options using useradd command, It reads /etc/default/useradd file for default values and /etc/login.defs file for password policies, user id ranges etc.

Following is the basic syntax for useradd command in Linux.

useradd [OPTIONS] USERNAME

Where,
OPTIONS: These are the options used with useradd command specified here.
USERNAME: Name of the user that will be used with this command.

How to Create a New User in Linux System

To only create a new user using useradd command you run this command without any options.

Run the following command to create a user names demouser in your Linux system.

useradd demouser

After completing the execution of the above command, it will create the new user using default values specified in /etc/default/useradd file.

Now to make this user login to the system you should set the password to the newly created user. To set the password to demouser you can run below command:

passwd demouser

Now you will be asked to enter the password, enter the password and confirm it when you asked.

How to Create User with Specific User ID

When we create a user using useradd function user ID will be assigned to the user reading /etc/login.defs files. You can also create a new user with specific user id by using -u option with useradd command:

To create a user with User ID 1401 you can run following command in the terminal:

useradd -u 1401 demouser1

 

Confirm and verify User ID with id command:

id -u demouser1

The output should be:

1401

How to Create a User With Home Directory

To create a user with home directory you should use -m option with useradd command.

Create a user named demouser2 with home directory run below command:

useradd -m demouser2

Here the new user will be created with home directory /home/demouser2.

To confirm the creation of the directory run below command:

ls -a /home/demouser2

Conclusion

In this tutorial, you have learned Linux useradd Command with Examples successfully. If you have any of the queries regarding this then you can comment below.

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