# Force R not to use exponential notation (e.g. e+10)?

Can I force R to use regular numbers instead of using the `e+10`

-like notation? I have:

```
1.810032e+09
# and
4
```

within the same vector and want to see:

```
1810032000
# and
4
```

I am creating output for an old fashioned program and I have to write a text file using `cat`

.
That works fine so far but I simply can't use the `e+10`

notation there.

## Answers:

This is a bit of a grey area. You need to recall that R will always invoke a print method, and these print methods listen to some options. Including 'scipen' -- a penalty for scientific display. From `help(options)`

:

‘scipen’: integer. A penalty to be applied when deciding to print numeric values in fixed or exponential notation. Positive values bias towards fixed and negative towards scientific notation: fixed notation will be preferred unless it is more than ‘scipen’ digits wider.

Example:

```
R> ran2 <- c(1.810032e+09, 4)
R> options("scipen"=-100, "digits"=4)
R> ran2
[1] 1.81e+09 4.00e+00
R> options("scipen"=100, "digits"=4)
R> ran2
[1] 1810032000 4
```

That said, I still find it fudgeworthy. The most direct way is to use `sprintf()`

with explicit width e.g. `sprintf("%.5f", ran2)`

.