How to print a int64_t type in C


C99 standard has integer types with bytes size like int64_t. I am using the following code:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdint.h>
int64_t my_int = 999999999999999999;
printf("This is my_int: %I64d\n", my_int);

and I get this compiler warning:

warning: format ‘%I64d’ expects type ‘int’, but argument 2 has type ‘int64_t’

I tried with:

printf("This is my_int: %lld\n", my_int); // long long decimal

But I get the same warning. I am using this compiler:

~/dev/c$ cc -v
Using built-in specs.
Target: i686-apple-darwin10
Configured with: /var/tmp/gcc/gcc-5664~89/src/configure --disable-checking --enable-werror --prefix=/usr --mandir=/share/man --enable-languages=c,objc,c++,obj-c++ --program-transform-name=/^[cg][^.-]*$/s/$/-4.2/ --with-slibdir=/usr/lib --build=i686-apple-darwin10 --program-prefix=i686-apple-darwin10- --host=x86_64-apple-darwin10 --target=i686-apple-darwin10 --with-gxx-include-dir=/include/c++/4.2.1
Thread model: posix
gcc version 4.2.1 (Apple Inc. build 5664)

Which format should I use to print my_int variable without having a warning?


Answers:


For int64_t type:

#include <inttypes.h>
int64_t t;
printf("%" PRId64 "\n", t);

for uint64_t type:

#include <inttypes.h>
uint64_t t;
printf("%" PRIu64 "\n", t);

you can also use PRIx64 to print in hexadecimal.

cppreference.com has a full listing of available macros for all types including intptr_t (PRIxPTR). There are separate macros for scanf, like SCNd64.


A typical definition of PRIu16 would be "hu", so implicit string-constant concatenation happens at compile time.

For your code to be fully portable, you must use PRId32 and so on for printing int32_t, and "%d" or similar for printing int.