python NameError: global name '__file__' is not defined


When I run this code in python 2.7, I get this error:

Traceback (most recent call last):
File "C:\Python26\Lib\site-packages\pyutilib.subprocess-3.5.4\setup.py", line 30, in <module>
    long_description = read('README.txt'),
  File "C:\Python26\Lib\site-packages\pyutilib.subprocess-3.5.4\setup.py", line 19, in read
    return open(os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__), *rnames)).read()
NameError: global name '__file__' is not defined

code is:

import os
from setuptools import setup


def read(*rnames):
    return open(os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__), *rnames)).read()


setup(name="pyutilib.subprocess",
    version='3.5.4',
    maintainer='William E. Hart',
    maintainer_email='[email protected]',
    url = 'https://software.sandia.gov/svn/public/pyutilib/pyutilib.subprocess',
    license = 'BSD',
    platforms = ["any"],
    description = 'PyUtilib utilites for managing subprocesses.',
    long_description = read('README.txt'),
    classifiers = [
        'Development Status :: 4 - Beta',
        'Intended Audience :: End Users/Desktop',
        'License :: OSI Approved :: BSD License',
        'Natural Language :: English',
        'Operating System :: Microsoft :: Windows',
        'Operating System :: Unix',
        'Programming Language :: Python',
        'Programming Language :: Unix Shell',
        'Topic :: Scientific/Engineering :: Mathematics',
        'Topic :: Software Development :: Libraries :: Python Modules'],
      packages=['pyutilib', 'pyutilib.subprocess', 'pyutilib.subprocess.tests'],
      keywords=['utility'],
      namespace_packages=['pyutilib'],
      install_requires=['pyutilib.common', 'pyutilib.services']
      )

Answers:


This error comes when you append this line os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__)) in python interactive shell.

Python Shell doesn't detect current file path in __file__ and it's related to your filepath in which you added this line

So you should write this line os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__)) in file.py. and then run python file.py, It works because it takes your filepath.